‘Global climate curbs will slow temperature rise’
The national strategies would restrict a rise in world emissions to the equivalent of 56.7 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide a year by 2030 – four billion less than expected without the extra action – from 49.0 billion in 2010, it said.
If fully implemented, plans by nations led by China and the United States “begin to make a significant dent in the growth of greenhouse gas emissions”, Christiana Figueres, head of the U.N. Climate Change Secretariat, said in a statement.
The plans, known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), will be the building blocks for a U.N. deal expected at a summit in Paris from Nov. 30-Dec. 11 to fight global warming in the years from 2020.
The report, reviewing INDCs submitted by an informal deadline of Oct. 1, said the “global response to climate change keeps door open to 2 degree C temperature limit”.
Figueres said the INDCs “have the capability of limiting the forecast temperature rise to around 2.7 degrees Celsius (4.9 Fahrenheit) by 2100, by no means enough but a lot lower than the estimated 4, 5 (7F, 9F) or more degrees of warming projected by many prior to the INDCs.”
Almost 200 governments agreed in 2010 to limit warming to 2C above pre-industrial times, meaning Paris will have to agree ways to ratchet up action in coming years. Temperatures have already gained by about 0.9 degrees C (1.6F).
Last week’s report is the most authoritative attempt to sum up the impact of INDCs in slowing man-made global warming, blamed for threatening to bring more heatwaves, downpours, species extinctions, floods and rising sea levels.
Among other findings, it said the INDCs could “bring global average emissions per capita down by as much as 8 percent in 2025 and 9 percent by 2030” from 1990 levels because a rising world population would outstrip growth of emissions.