Ndigbo are our brothers


Governor Babatunde Fashola

MY sources of inspiration for this piece are The Guardian Editorial, April 15, 2015, titled: “The end of hate”, and Dr. Jide Oluwajuyiton’s piece in The Nation of April 16, 2015 titled: “In defence of Oba Akiolu of Lagos”.

Both comments originated from the Oba’s alleged mordant remarks the other day on the Ndigbo. I am not inclined to repeat the statement here because of the ire it drew from the concerned citizenry.

Suffice to say, however, that as odious as it might sound, the Oba of Lagos did not entirely deserve the spleen that was vented on him. There are two sides to a coin. Invariably, the two sides ought to be considered to reach a judicious conclusion. From the outset, the reading public must be aware of the affinity between the Yoruba and the Ndigbo of Onitsha.

After all, the state has Ndigbo son in the service of its government under Governor Raji Fashola as a Commissioner for well over four years now.

Another is the Lagos State Publicity Secretary of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Joe Igbokwe, from Nnewi in Anambra State. I learnt that those five chiefs who founded Onitsha were from Oba of Benin’s Palace in Edo. And the Oba of Benin was the third son of Oduduwa from Ile-Ife.

That is why in Yoruba language, there is the word ‘Oba’ (king) which is “Obi” in Onitsha Igbo. Oba of Benin or the Oba of Lagos in Yorubaland has identical status with the Obi of Onitsha as the traditional ruler. That is why Onitsha indigenes share the same characteristics with the Yoruba people – peaceful, civil and accommodating. Both live in harmony with other races. We are all brothers and sisters. That is my conviction.

There had been skirmishes, though. I remember vividly that as far back as 1947, the Ndigbo in Lagos exhausted all available cutlasses and machetes in shops for the purpose of fighting their hosts.

I witnessed the development, which remains evergreen in my memory. I always draw from personal experiences to buttress my arguments. And this is what I do in this piece.

If we sincerely mean to minimise hate between Yoruba and Ndigbo, we need to dig deep to rationalise if the Ndigbo do not have eternal hatred for the Yoruba. In 1951, under the electoral system of the then new Constitution, there was an election in the West, and which the Action group won.

Till date, our Ndigbo brothers still allude to it to claim that the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo rigged that election conducted during the tenure of colonial Lieutenant-Governor – The Nigerian (Constitution) Order-in-Council, 1951.

It was not rigged. The reality was that when the Action Group was formed in March 1951, it was with the specific objective of capturing power in the West, besides other attractive objectives. Of course, there was the threat of the Ndigbo domination under a unitary system of government.

The NCNC wanted a unitary system, whilst the AG’s argument was that Federal System would afford the races in the country to develop at their own pace. This argument scored victory for the Action Group, and not rigging.

The Ndigbo assumed wrongly that Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe was rigged out of power in the West. It was that electoral loss of 1951 that perhaps still rings in the memory of Ndigbo till date.

It also accounted for the inability of the NCNC and the AG to coalesce after the 1959 elections. That suspected Igbo envy of the Yoruba still persists, except that in the federal elections of 1964, it nearly terminated with the formation of United Peoples Grand Alliance (UPGA) between the NCNC and the AG. So, Ndigbo’s strained relationship with the Yoruba is primordial.

The year 1951 is a long way to 2015. There is a Yoruba saying: “We must forget the ugly past, so as to live together in harmony”. But are the Ndigbo ready to forget the past? Then the Civil War, 1967 to 1970.

The war could have dragged much longer, but for the late Chief Awolowo’s advice of “Hunger is a veritable weapon of war” which many termed infamous. The situation was that the Federal Government, under General Yakubu Gowon, provided a safe corridor for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to bring in foods, drinks and medical supplies to the war-devastated Eastern Region.

Instead of distributing these materials to the impoverished masses, the military top brass monopolized them for their exclusive consumption. In retaliation of the “hunger policy”, during his electioneering campaigns of 1979, Awo’s helicopter was attacked with missiles in the East, ostensibly to crash-land it.

The Ndigbo branded him and the Yoruba as enemies. I leave the perception of the real enemy to individual judgments. In my younger days, I had the good fortune of teaching in a predominantly Igbo-populated school that belonged to the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Falomo, Ikoyi, Lagos. It was a mixture of Ndigbo and Yoruba staff under an Igbo headmistress.

She was from Onitsha, now in Anambra State.

I still remember this, because she was accustomed to boasting among the cosmopolitan staff: “I am a true daughter of Onitsha”. The camaraderie among us was such that I was imbued with the notion and ambition of marrying an Igbo girl. The passion was strong that I did not consider racial differences.

As a young Nigerian, I reasoned: “It makes for one Nigeria”. One day, the Lagos-born girl pointedly told me: “I cannot marry outside my Owerri village in the Eastern Region, let alone doing so with an Ijebuman in Yorubaland”. I could hardly recover my composure until few days after. That was 55 years ago.

My friends had nastier experiences to narrate. The girl was deliberately fed with that garbage. My idea of racial unity was shaken to its very foundation; I was disenchanted.

My personal love disaster with the Igbo girl from Owerri is not all. It is just the tip of the iceberg. In the old Daily Times of Nigeria Plc, I know the extent of discriminations suffered from the two editors under whom I served in the Books and Periodicals sections; it was hell on earth.

Truth must be told, if hate is to sincerely end, Oba Akiolu might be indiscreet in his expressions, but occasional outburst of that nature is desirable, instead of being soft and cajoling to string along the accused in the wrong direction.

The reason for persistence of the unwholesome attitude on display is that the truth is avoided so as not offend the other party. Why not point out the imperfections in one race so as to curb them, instead of perpetuating them? On the whole, how can we tackle perennial hate? First, we must all realize that no one ethnic group or extraction is the enemy of the other.

Second, there must be campaigns against persisting racism and xenophobia. The exercise must begin from the rural, local and state levels. At the local level, it must begin from the elementary schools. Third, the elders must desist from poisoning the minds of youths with cock-and-bull stories, twisting history to arouse hostility amongst other races in the country.

The seeds of discord must be scorched. Fourth, there must be the realization that other major ethnic stocks in the country are peaceful and accommodating. In most places in Yorubaland, non-indigenes settle down to pursue their legitimate businesses, particularly farming. If England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland co-exist peacefully in the United Kingdom, why not so in a racially-heterogeneous Nigeria? •Oshisada, a veteran journalist, wrote from Ikorodu, Lagos.

  • honesty

    This is how the New Nigeria should look like.The silent bloodless revolution has started It must begin from cradle to Grave Change has come and i hope nobody wants to be left behind. Grass root Education is the answer .Nigeria is blessed with Talents . We can do it Yes We Can.

  • alfred phillip

    Nice effort, but you made it seem as if the “hate” had been coming from one side only, and that is where the problem lies. We can’t even be honest and brave with history. No ethnic group in Nigeria have suffered hatred, envy, and contempt like Ndigbo, theu are constantly being misunderstood, yet Igbos continue to settle and do business in other parts of the country. If a man hates you and distrusts you, I do not think he will build a home and invest in your land. If your article contained only the last three paragraphs, I would have been influenced by your sincerity. But the bulk of your article dwelt on blaming Ndigbo, Dr Zik; and defending Sir Awo and oba Akiolu.

    • ndiuno

      Critical analysis; this is commendable. Fashola has claimed to be yoruba-centric. He is the one that initiated xenophobianism before it extended to South Africa. According to him yorubas are sinless; instead of the reverse. The whole world has seen the naked truth.


      To build and to invest is not enough to indicate that a man does not hate or distrust but where you can live, build and be buried that is true love not hatred. From my own observation IBOS do not allow their dead bodies be buried outside their home town or state of origin. I stand to be corrected if I am wrong. We have been having problem with female Ibos married to Yoruba incase of death they still want her to be buried in her home town instead of Husband home. I hope GOSPEL will correct this anomaly. An Ibo girl has once told me in 1995/96 that she will never marry a Yoruba man even the son of Obasanjo/ In the same way heard Yoruba girl saying she can never marry Ibo man. Personally, I love Ibos in all ramifications naturally and my prayer is that all tribes will begin to love one another to the extent that one can live, build, marry, die and be buried in any land of ones choice. My cousin married Ibo woman from IMO state and they are living fine.

      • chx155

        We are IGBO not Ibo. Be educated for once

        • imagine_2012

          They do it to spite Igbos so just let the clowns be

      • Gidigidi

        Esan people of Edo state do not bury their indigenes outside Ishan land. The exception was Stella Obasanjo and they are still hopeful the body will one day be exhumed and taken to Ishan land for proper burial. That doesn’t mean they hate their hosts by taking the dead back home.

    • imagine_2012

      Thanks a lot. The writer has the same disorder he is trying to cure. Judging issues from his very narrow view.

  • Efeturi Ojakaminor

    Look, my brother, there can be no rationalization or justification for the oba’s declaration in a democracy. Let us not live in denial. What the monarch said was condemnable and remains so. It takes more than the spirit of a queer personality to say I have erred and I am sorry.

    • imagine_2012

      Simple. They keep condemning South Africa but never an Oba that threatened Nigerian citizens not even foreigners.

      • Mazi JO

        Aren’t we all hypocrites my man! Farting is good only when it is perpetrated by the Tortoise. I am always a believer in the saying, ‘Nature has a way of balancing its acts.’

  • speller

    I am an Ibo. I also have the benefit of having lived in all parts of Nigeria. I can say strongly that nowhere in Nigeria are Ibos more welcome than in Lagos. Even during the progrom that led to the civil war, Ibos in Lagos were spared .The Oba may have come across differently but I can understand his concern.After prominent citizens of the state have worked very hard to put together a party that provided the most credible opposition to PDP and given the PDP precedence of poor quality governance, he was jittery about ending up with an opposition Govt in his state especially given the political naivety of the average Ibo.

    • imagine_2012

      Immediately you stated you were Igbo i became suspicious. Now you proved me right. That every Nigerian citizen should vote which ever way is more progressive than APC. Whoever fails to understand this is primitive. Lagos and Southern Nigeria is accommodating that i would not take away but threatening anybody to vote for whatever is a foolish thing to do.

      • speller

        Sure Sure. No Doubt. Give the Oba a bit of respite. Sometimes you want to say something but it comes out differently. I agree there should be freedom to vote for any party including KOWA even when you know they are going no where.

    • chx155

      True Igbos do not spell ‘Igbo’ as ‘Ibo” . There is nothing like ‘Ibo’ and you say you are ‘speller’

      • speller

        The tribe is Ibo, the language is Igbo.

        • imagine_2012

          In whose lexicon please. Igbo is it that’s why you are suspect.
          If you wanna make a point say it. We dont need to know your Ethnic group, Sex , Age, time, itinerary and all worth not. Just make a sensible point

  • Dr. COCO

    Good article, although titled and could be balanced with a few more comments. Be it as it may, we need to be one to remain an entity. for whatever the Ibis have been accused of, the Yorubas and Hausa/Fulani have an element of it in them. So it is needless point fingers to a particular tribe.
    The education for change, thorough oneness and love should start from the grass root.

  • tbt

    Victor oshisada you are a lair stop writing nonsense when you don’t know history, the hatred between Ndigbo and yoruba was from 1967 civil war where the Igbo,s felt they where betrayed by Awolowo after he was released from prison in Enugu by Ojukwu, with an understand for Awolowo to declare Oduduwa republic but rather failed to do so because he was offered a job by Gowon, and Awolowo’s subsequent giving of Igbo,s (20) twenty pounds sterling irrespective of how much you have in account, and his blocked of Igbo’s from getting food from outside thereby causing starvation.

    • imagine_2012

      For whatever Awolowo did or did not do i can understand. But one act i cannot understand is the 20 pounds policy. How do you destroy a people physically and after they managed to survive you destroy them economically. I don’t know where else in this whole world such a wicked act is done. Awolowo’s wicked tribal heart of darkness is the only justification for this.

      • Layi Niyi

        you are even lucky to get £20.

        • imagine_2012

          Yes and Thanks for his magnanimity. Kindly remind him as he rests in pieces that the Igbo spirit never dies.

  • imagine_2012

    One day, the Lagos-born girl pointedly told me: “I cannot marry outside my Owerri village in the Eastern Region, let alone doing so with an Ijebuman in Yorubaland” Why wouldn’t the girl say such with your warped view of what divides us.

  • CID

    Mr. Oshishade has a long line of historical facts why hatred and mutual suspicion between the ibos and Yorubas should persist. I advice him to document the controversial hate speech of the Oba of Lagos as part of the historical facts he shall pass on to his children.

  • chx155

    I fail to see the purpose of this article. Any discourse on this subject should aim at healing the wounds created by the infamous Oba’s declaration and I fail to see such a purpose in this article. Some of the “facts” Oshishade applied to support his position are half-truths. If he has nothing more important to write about he should keep his pen dry

  • The Voice of Reason

    You cannot Teach a man, let alone “a people” their own History or Experience except you are God or claiming to be Him. Let the wound of History heal than mock the intelligence of the Victim that you understand how it felt or you can educate him on how it happened. The Truth is that You have no idea what someone else feels. Fabrication of History is not a step to Reconciliation.

  • The Voice of Reason

    Fabrication of History is not a step to Reconciliation.

    You cannot Teach a man, let alone “a people” their own History or Experience except you are God or claiming to be Him. Let the wound of History heal than mock the intelligence of the Victim that you understand how it felt or you can educate him on how it happened. The Truth is that You have no idea what someone else feels. Fabrication of History is not a step to Reconciliation.

  • Gidigidi

    If this writer really knew what happened in 1947, he must not be less than 75 years. He is suffering from what he is accusing Igbos. His is worse because even at his age he exhibits such level of bigotry and hate. With people like him at his age and Obas age, I am really scared. I am Igbo and I see so much positive things about Yorubas but people like Victor Oshisaba are also legion.At his age he is still writing the way he does and turning history upside down. Oshisaba knows nothing at his age. I pray he will not die the way he is. For me I love my Yoruba friends, I enjoy their music, I admire their culture. If situation presents itself, my children can marry Yorubas.

  • Layi Niyi

    We don’t need this, stop distorting the history.

  • Okeke nwankwo

    The truth is that Igbos make up special group of Yorubas. The Egbas in Yoruba tribe are actually IGBOS that lost their origin. The greater Igbo includes the Egbas, all the splinter Igbo groups in the south west. Abeokuta could not have been a better name than ebeokwute. In Igbo language it means home of rocks.. Does it sound strange to you reader? It sounds paradoxical but true that Egba is actually an abuse of Igbo over the years just like Igbakiri as a town in Edo state is an abuse of its real name Igbo Akiri, same for Igbodo, it is Igbo odo. There was a popular warrior in Igbo land called Uto. Igbos have no king so Uto was using his men to fight for Benin empire. Utos men use to regular pass the Niger down to Benin and help fight against Igala and the Attah. Some of his men stayed behind, all along the roads down to Benin populating those splinter places as their founding fathers and today they do not know their root. Uto was the only warrior to whom Pyramids were built for in Igbo land he hails from present day Nsude in Enugu State. Check out Nsude pyramids in your Wikkipedia please. Today he is worshiped as god but was actually a man. Igbos were living in Benin empire before its fall. The fall of the empire led to scattering of the people back home. That is how some ended up in parts of Rivers etc and now claim they are from Benin. Onitsha people claim they descended from Eze Chima. Ezechima was an Igbo man from Arochukwu and was a prince in Benin empire. The Igala have less than 1 percent of people in Onitsha since Igbos of present day Enugu State fought the Attah and destroyed his nation and hegemony. There is a popular feast a group of Yorubas have about the conquering of a splinter group of Igbo people that were menacing them.The story had it that a deity told a woman to allow herself to be arrested by the marauders, she did and through that got the war secret of that Igbo extraction. When they she escaped and returned she told her people what she saw and they were able to defeat those Igbos that came against them next time.Yorubas call them Igbos people from the land of the rising sun. There are no other Igbo group than what you see. Igbos were moving down west and a group was involved in that war. I challenge the educated Egbas to FIND THEIR ORIGIN IF POSSIBLE THROUGH GENETIC MEANS. ARE EGBAS TRULY YORUBAS, SENTIMENTS APART? Find your origin and it will be the greatest finding in modern times.

    • imagine_2012

      I had often wondered about Igbo this and that of Yoruba towns. What book or materials do you recommend on this

  • AriseNigeria

    I am not sure how old the writer is, though he mentioned a fatal attraction he had with an Owerri girl “55” years ago, so my conclusion is that he is a middle age man. But he writes as an unpolished , uncivilized and unexposed person, insulting the intelligent of those he is pretending to attempting to reconcile with (Igbos). He distorted many historical facts, and took no responsibility for any ills his tribe may have caused the Igbos or any other group of people for that matter. He has no courage to speak the truth, and he attempted foolishly to isolate Anambra from the rest of Igbo speaking states, and even extending the Yoruba Kingdom to Anambra. Then he made Yorubas look like Angels, with no fault . One thing that Igbos hate about Yoruba people is there inability to be truthful, honest and their lack of trustworthiness, which means, they are a race or group of people that one can hardly know their real motives or trust that their “yes” will be their Yes, and Their “No” will be their No, this is contrary to Igbo culture of openness, transparency, and straightforwardness. So, my conclusion is that Igbo and Yoruba has a cultural divide, and their mistrust of each other arises from a deep moral divides and conflicting beliefs system. To Igbos, Fairness, Equity and a sense of Justice is naturally built in their DNA, but to manyYorubas, as long as it benefits them, anyone who dies by their side is not even a consideration. Why? Almost 99,99% Igbos are Christians, and there is no doubt that the Biblical teachings have taking root in their belief and influenced most of their behaviors and belief system. Christianity is a religion of peace, compassion, fairness, equity, and justice, and its effect on the Igbos, reflects their behavior. Yoruba on the other hand, has three influences, Pagan Worships of deities, large population of Muslim Community, and a large Christian community. So, in a Yoruba Family, you have a Pagan worshiper, A Muslim, and a Deeper Life member, so, what you have is nothing but a polluted society, with divided loyalty, One loyal to Ogun god, One loyal to Allah, and One loyal to the Christian God, how do you deal or work with such a society? So, what unites the Yoruba race is tribalism, and without a clear ethical or moral value that is universal, it became a difficult race to relate with. Most Northerners are either predominantly Muslims, and therefore we know what to expect from them, the Middle belt are more divided along Islam and Christianity, with different ethnic groups, which makes their case a bit complicated, but Yoruba is Yoruba, whether it worship devil, Allah, or Jesus, and the complexity and lack of a clear crystal Godly value, makes their affinity with Igbos almost impossible. So, the conflict is purely on values and principles, and nothing more or less.

  • Babalakin

    It’s a nice piece. Having lived all over Nigeria, my wife been from the east (I choose to say from the east and not an Igbo lady) and read a lot of literature, I know Nigeria has a strong tribal bias and divide and the level of depth varies among the major tribe. Even comments on this forum shows it!
    Only the truth on this and willingness of the tribes to accept and adjust to this truth will help us out of these negatives. I call on the academic historians and ministry of culture to rise up to the challenge.
    For too long we have approached this issues from the point of denial, distortion and ‘let sleeping dogs lie’. These approaches will continue to lead us no where. In fact sleeping dogs do bit and take on preys in a matter of micro seconds.

  • AriseNigeria

    Lately I see some Yoruba zealots who are working round the clock to change the image of Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo from a tribal champion to a Pan-Nigeria Nationalist, as though they are the author of history that can successfully erase the memory and record that we have about Awo, and his tribal politics. The writer is very naive, when he said Igbos are still upset at Awo for making Zik loose western house. I thought that was funny, was Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe keen on being the Regional Governor of South-West more than becoming the President or Prime Minister of Nigeria? I thought, that was childish. Awo tribalism is an open book, the attempt to remake him into a national icon, and the image of a Pan-Nigerian Nationalist will make Awo laugh in his grave. To forget the past, which is impossible, we need to at least start from the position of speaking the truth and nothing but the truth, seek forgiveness where we are wrong, and make amend, and then seek for reconciliation. Fashola once did that when he deported some Igbos from Lagos, though his apology was political and insincere, because he never compensated those he wronged directly and neither did he apologized to them directly, but he showed some level of humility, and I give him some credit for that.

  • amador kester

    Time to be considerate with this clueless,leaderless,wasting great race

  • Paul Nwaogu

    Ndigbo are our brothers.
    The piece with that title was written by Victor Oshisada and it appeared in the
    Guardian newspaper of April 29, 2015. Yes according to your perception, but it
    would also have included the fact that Ndigbo are brothers to all members of
    the Nigerian community. This is exemplified by the fact that Ndigbo live in all
    parts of Nigeria and contribute to community development of the area. What
    obtains with Ndigbo obtains with the Hausa/Fulani stock of northern Nigeria.
    Where do the Yoruba stand in this equation? Their impact is minimal in the
    macro aspect but very significant in the micro dimensions. This means that they
    are born in the SW, raised in the SW and work in the region. I remember a
    Yoruba lady who was deployed to Abuja for the national service but she fought
    and reversed the posting to Lagos. When asked why she made the move she replied
    ‘I do not like working outside Lagos’. This lady was trained outside Nigeria. Yoruba look inward; they are not
    outgoing and reaching out. How many Yoruba are living outside SW of Nigeria?
    The number can be counted on my fingertips. Contrast that with the life style
    of the Igbo of the SE and the Hausa/Fulani of the Northern region. They are
    found in every corner of the Nigerian state meant for integration and
    homogeneity. It is to be mentioned here that a Hausa/Fulani politician –Umaru
    Altine -was the first elected Mayor of Enugu Municipal Council in 1956.

    You were
    defending Oba Akiolu’s obscene and smelly statement directed to Ndigbo during
    an election period. It is difficult to buy your idea. We are not in the era of despotic
    rule of kings. We are in a democracy where choice reigns supreme. You failed to
    condemn the political statement of the Oba in wooing the political support of
    Ndigbo. This solicited political support from Ndigbo should not have been
    canvassed in the first place because his position as Oba shields him from
    politics. In spite of that he went ahead
    and made a statement of ‘drowning Ndigbo in Lagos lagoon’. Outrageous! This is
    a racist statement and marks the unbearable excesses of a king. Oba Akiolu is a
    race hater and he should not have made that odious statement if there was any
    semblance of affinity between Ndigbo and Yoruba. If your statement of
    consanguinity is correct, the Oba should have been the last person to make such
    a statement except in fact you are saying he is not schooled. Please,use your
    tongue to count the number of teeth in your mouth!

    Why would
    you position the picture of Fashola at the beginning of your write up instead
    of your own portrait? I was pushed by the picture to read the article only to
    realize later that it was not Fashola but Oshisada that wrote the article. It
    is difficult to understand why you did that except, may be, you were trying to
    play a trick. In future stand by yourself and stop hiding under the image of a
    political stalwart. I recognize Fashola’s efforts in giving a new face to Lagos
    state. You mentioned that Ndigbo served in his cabinet as commissioners. That
    shows the extent of his reaching out syndrome that he has. Joe Igboke’s
    portfolio is from a political party which he merited as a result of being a
    dynamic card carrying and contributing member of the party.

    You brought
    the election of 1951 into your essay to score a point. It is unfortunate your
    interpretation of the event went to the wrong direction. Awolowo was never
    accused of rigging the election. You are the person accusing Awo of that
    indiscretion. Here you are distorting history. What Awo masterminded was carpet crossing of elected NCNC members
    to Action Group and in the process introduced and institutionalized tribal
    politics into Nigerian politics.

    It is
    absolutely irritating to associate Ndigbo with envy of the Yoruba. A person or a group of people is perceived to
    be envious when such a group is lazy. When you talk about industry Ndigbo are
    industrious in all spheres of human endevour. As the leader of the NCNC, Zik, was
    not a misfit in anyway. He was an erudite politician, well educated, tall; an
    entrepreneur with an imposing personality and one endowed with the gift of the
    garb. The use of the term primordial is incorrect; if there is a strained relationship
    existing between the two nationalities, the cause of it is real and founded.
    Awolowo institutionalized the odious political behavior of carpet crossing in
    Nigerian political environment. You can observe the volume and notoriety of today’s
    carpet crossing of political harlots in Nigeria. These political harlots are politicians
    who have no honour and respect for their personal integrity as well as the political
    agenda of their political party. It is indeed a shame.

    The civil
    war is over and we know the ignoble role played by Awo before, during, and
    after the prosecution of the war. Please do not defend him lest the blood of
    thousands of Biafran children who perished as a result of starvation be upon
    your head also. You failed to defend Awo’s justification for twenty pounds (£20 gratis)
    to Biafrans after the war for drawing on their bank accounts. In your next
    essay, comment on people like Prof. Wole Soyinka, Femi Aribisala and Fashola
    etc.; they are people who have broadened their scope to reach out to Nigerians.
    There is no hate in them. Awo provided free education for his people; we acknowledge
    that but in terms of national and ‘integrative politics’ Awo lacked behind but
    instead projected himself as a tribal leader, pure and simple!

    x-rayed what happens in the United Kingdom. Your allusion is germane but which
    races are obstacles to co-existence in Nigeria?
    Count Ndigbo out. In the final analysis why did Britain not create a
    united Nigeria of three regions as it created and maintains a United Kingdom of
    three nationalities-British, Welsh and Scot? Even on September 18, 2014 there
    was a referendum conducted to determine whether Scotland would be part of the union.
    This tells us how Britain treats its Caucasians differently and with dignity as
    opposed to cavalier and disrespectful treatment usually metered out to other
    races. Let’s stop for now. Ka odinu.
    Mbochi nta achuo na owerre nchi