WHO, NHF, others want action against illicit tobacco trade

tobacco tradeAS part of activities to mark the 2015 World No Tobacco Day (WNTD), the World Health Organisation (WHO), Nigerian Heart Foundation (NHF), United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) and United Nations Association of Nigeria (UNAN) have called for action against illicit tobacco trade.

WNTD globally celebrated on May 31, is a day set-aside by WHO for people, governments and Non-Governmental Organisations to organise various activities to make people aware of the health problems associated with tobacco use.

This year, WHO is calling on countries to work together to end the illicit trade of tobacco products.

The NHF in a statement yesterday said: “The 2015 WNTD calls for celebration in Nigeria as our former President, Goodluck Jonathan signed the anti-tobacco bill into law, just two days to his handover to a new government. This is a major achievement for NHF and all the tobacco activist groups in the country.

This is a campaign we started 12 years ago and had been actualised by the ex-President’s signing of the bill into law. “We thank Jonathan as the signing of this Bill will provide for the regulation of advertising, promotion, and sponsorship of tobacco or tobacco products in Nigeria.

“The commemoration of WNTD will hold at the office of the United Nations Information Centre at Ikoyi. The focus will be on youths who are the main targets of tobacco manufacturing industries who believe in catching them young and making them smokers for life.”

Meanwhile, the WHO in a statement said eliminating the illicit trade in tobacco would generate an annual tax windfall of US$ 31 billion for governments, improve public health, help cut crime and curb an important revenue source for the tobacco industry.

Those are the key themes of World No Tobacco Day when WHO will urge member states to sign the “Protocol to Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products.” “The protocol offers the world a unique legal instrument to counter and eventually eliminate a sophisticated criminal activity,” says Dr. Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General.

“Fully implemented, it will replenish government revenues and allow more spending on health.” So far, eight countries have ratified the Protocol, short of the target of 40 needed for it to become international law.

Once that happens, the Protocol’s provisions on securing the supply chain, enhanced international cooperation and other safeguards will come into force.

The Protocol is an international treaty in its own right negotiated by parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), which has been ratified by 180 Parties. Article 15 commits signatories to eliminate all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products.

The Protocol requires a wide range of measures relating to the tobacco supply chain, including the licensing of imports, exports and manufacture of tobacco products; the establishment of tracking and tracing systems and the imposition of penal sanctions on those responsible for illicit trade.

It would also criminalise illicit production and cross border smuggling. “The Protocol faces overt and covert resistance from the tobacco industry.

Manufacturers know that once implemented, it will become much harder to hook young people and the poor into tobacco addiction,” says Dr. Vera da Costa e Silva, head of the WHO FCTC Secretariat.

The illicit tobacco trade offers products at lower prices, primarily by avoiding government taxes through smuggling, illegal manufacturing and counterfeiting.

Cheaper tobacco encourages younger tobacco users (who generally have lower incomes) and cuts government revenues, reducing the resources available for socio-economic development, especially in low-income countries that depend heavily on consumption taxes.

This money might otherwise be spent on the provision of public services, including health care. While publicly stating its support for action against the illicit trade, the tobacco industry’s behind-the-scenes behaviour has been very different.

Internal industry documents released as a result of court cases demonstrate that the tobacco industry has actively fostered the illicit trade globally.

It also works to block implementation of tobacco control measures, like tax increases and pictorial health warnings, by arguing they will fuel the illicit trade.

“Public health is engaged in a pitched battle against a ruthless industry. On this World No Tobacco Day, WHO and its partners are showing the ends that the tobacco industry goes to in the search for profits, including on the black market, and by ensnaring new targets, including young children, to expand its deadly trade,” says Dr. Douglas Bettcher, Director of the WHO’s Department for the Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases.

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