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Why infertility rate is high, by UCH consultant

Infertility

Infertility

Seasoned fertility expert and consultant microbiologist at the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Professor A.O Osoba has identified one of the reasons for high infertility rate among women to tubal infections.

Tubal infection is a form of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). In order to diagnose a PID infection, a physical examination is typically done first in order for the physician to locate the specific area of the body that is bothering the patient. If the problem is found in the lower abdominal area, a pelvic examination can be performed for further investigation.

A sonogram may also be taken to obtain a better idea of what the reproductive organs look like inside the woman’s body.

Sonogram is a visual image produced from an ultrasound examination.

He made this known to the medical students at the Professor Oladapo Ashiru’s Medical Art Centre (MART), when he spoke on the topic, ‘Sexually Transmitted Disease’ recently in Maryland, Lagos.

According to Osoba, 30 percent of infertile couples can be attributed to the ‘male factor’ with fertility in males depending on adequate spermatogenesis.

While stressing on the increasing infertility rate among women, the consultant said: “Infertility rate increase significantly with the number of tubal infections because every attack of gonorrhea getting to the fallopian tube can cause scarring.”

Studies state that infertility is the ability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. It can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term.

Also speaking on the prevalence of Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) in the country, Osoba stated that complications of some STDs might result in total destruction of the ovaries, thereby increasing the chances of infertility in women.

He went on to identify Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis as the two major STD agents that causes infertility in men and women.

“STDs are illnesses that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of sexual behavior including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex.

Women in many cases tend to be asymptomatic that is, showing no symptoms, but when they do experience symptoms they exhibit behaviours such as vaginal discharge, painful sensation during urination as well as abnormal bleeding.”

However, Osoba further explained that the cervix is primarily the major area affected in women who have been untreated of the disease and this spreads to the uterus and the fallopian tubes.

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