News  

Ebola: profile of a prolific killer

By AFP   |   29 December 2015   |   9:00 am  

Ebola-Virus

Ebola virus

A fact file on Ebola ahead of Guinea’s expected announcement on Tuesday that it is now officially Ebola-free:

– Toll –
The worst outbreak of Ebola started in December 2013 in southern Guinea before spreading to two neighbouring west African countries.

It has killed more than 11,300 people, out of 29,000 registered cases, according to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates. The real figure may be higher.

More than 99 percent of the victims were based in three neighbouring West African countries — Guinea (more than 2,500 dead), Sierra Leone (more than 3,900) and Liberia (more than 4,800).

– Where does it come from ? –
Ebola was first identified in central Africa.

The tropical virus was named after a river in the Democratic Republic of Congo — then known as Zaire — where it came to light in 1976.

Five species have been identified to date (Zaire, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Reston and Tai Forest), the first being the most virulent with death rates that have reached 90 percent among humans.

– How is it transmitted ? –
The virus’ natural reservoir animal is probably the bat, which does not contract the disease itself. Chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines are also suspected of having transmitted Ebola to humans.

Only one certified contact with an animal has been recorded in the current outbreak. It has since been passed among humans.

Ebola is transmitted by contact with the blood, body fluids, secretions or organs of an infected or recently deceased person, but not by air.

Those infected do not become contagious until the symptoms appear. They then become more and more contagious until just after their death, which poses great risks during funerals.

– What are the symptoms? –
Following an incubation period of between two and 21 days, Ebola develops into a high fever, weakness, intense muscle and joint pain, headaches and sore throats. That is often followed by vomiting and diarrhoea, skin eruptions, kidney and liver failure, and internal and external bleeding.

– How to avoid infection –
In the absence of a confirmed vaccine or cure, it is recommended that preventive measures be taken to stop the spread of Ebola — notably through hand-washing and using gel or alcohol-based disinfectants.

A distance of several metres (yards) should also be kept from infected people or bodies, and healthcare providers must wear disposable protective clothing that includes masks and gloves.

– Possible treatments –
Several tests have been carried out with experimental drugs and vaccines during the epidemic in west Africa.

Among these are Avigan (favipiravir) an antiviral treatment being developed by the Japanese company Toyama Chemical.

The best known is ZMapp, a cocktail of three monoclonal (single cell) antibiotics developed through a Canadian/US partnership.

The WHO said in July that the world “is on the verge of an effective Ebola vaccine” after Canadian drug VSV-EZEBOV was found in clinical trials in Guinea to provide 100-percent protection from the disease.

The drug may therefore become the first licensed vaccine against the disease.



  • Yemi Amodu

    Sterling Homes ltd selling Plots and Acres of Land

    Hebron garden estate is owned by Sterling homes Ltd and it’s
    completely free from “omo-onile” and government acquisition. Land
    mass: more than 10acres. Land type: dry, sandy and leveled. Location: Lekki,
    about 6minutes drive to Eleko beach and 15minutes drive to Lekki free trade
    zone. There are several notable Landmarks before the estate. These include, The
    Lagos Business School, Crown Estate, Farapark, Sapphire Garden, Green Springs
    School and Shares immediate environment with Mayfair Gardens and Beechwood
    Estate & lots more. PAYMENT PLAN FOR A PLOT: *Smart plan: Outright payment
    #2.8m. *Easy Plan: ‎#3m. Spread #210,000 for 10months after the initial deposit
    of #900,000. Contact Yemi Amodu at Sterling Homes LTD for more information:
    Plot 2, River Valley Estate, Ojodu Berger. Mobile 08136119495, 07084546154..,

    Havilah park and garden is an estate located about 6mins
    drive off the Lagos-Ibadan expressway. It’s about 25mins drive to Berger
    bus-stop. The estate is fenced with a gate house, and our ultra- modern borehole
    is already in place. The price of a plot is #630,000 outright, and we still
    have other installment plan also. For more information and site inspection call
    Yemi Amodu at Sterling Homes LTD: Plot 2, River Valley Estate, Ojodu Berger,
    Lagos. Mobile: 07084546154, 08136119495….

    Moriah park is situated at Agbowa, Ikorodu. The estate is
    facing the Lagos state housing scheme popularly called Fashola estate. It’s
    fenced round with a gate house and an industrial borehole has been constructed
    at the site as well. It’s selling for a promotional offer of #630,000 outright,
    though we still have other installment payment option. For more information and
    site inspection, call Yemi at Sterling Homes LTD: Plot 2, River Valley Estate,
    Ojodu Berger, Lagos. Mobile: 07084546154, 08136119495

    Gibeon park is located at Gberigbe
    area of Ikorodu Lagos. The estate is situated off Ijede road Gberibe close to Lagos
    state model college Igbokuta, The estate is fenced and gated in a serene
    environment. Its neighborhood are Egbin Power Plant, The Metro-Ferry Jetty, Wine
    Factory, barachel Park and Garden and numerous estate. For Full Plot (648sqm),
    PRICE: #600,000 outright. Flex
    plan = #150,000 initial deposit then spread #100,000 for 6months at #750,000
    total Easy
    plan = #50 monthly for 17months at #850,000 total or get an instant allocation
    at #750,000 (50% of total invoice, balance spread for 3months) For Half Plot (324sqm): #350,000
    outright payment
    TITLE: Registered Survey and Approved Layout plan. Contact
    Adeyemi Amodu at Sterling Homes Ltd for more information and site inspections
    while it’s still available. Office
    address: STERLING HOMES LIMITED; Plot 2, River Valley Estate, Ojodu Berger,
    Lagos. Mobile: 07084546154, 08136119495

You may also like