Energy  

Renewable electricity generation climbs to second place after coal

OPEC-share-CopyIN 2014, electricity production in the 34 members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) fell slightly to 10 712 TWh in 2013.

This represents a decrease of 0.8 per cent or 86 TWh compared to 2013, according to provisional data recently released by the International Energy Agency (IEA).

This decline was driven by lower fossil fuel and hydro production that were only partially offset by growth in non-hydro renewable (+8.5 per cent) and nuclear (+0.9 per cent).

The growth in non-hydro renewable electricity was driven by solar and wind. In 2014, solar photovoltaic overtook solid bio fuels to become the second largest source of non-hydro renewable electricity in OECD Europe, with a share of 17.3 per cent.

It stated: “Since 1990, solar photovoltaic has been increasing at an average growth rate of 44.6 per cent per year, and wind at 27.1 per cent per year.
Growth in electricity generation continues to be driven by non-OECD countries. The latest data released by the IEA shows that global electricity generation increased by 2.9 per cent between 2012 and 2013. The data shows clearly two distinct trends. Electricity generation is levelling off within the OECD, with a negative annual average growth rate (AAGR) of -0.35 per cent between 2010 and 2013, while it is strongly rising in the rest of the world (AAGR 5.6 per cent). As a consequence, in 2011 non-OECD countries produced more electricity than OECD countries for the first time in history”.

It added that data for 2013 show that renewable electricity generation overtook natural gas to become the second largest source of electricity worldwide producing 22 per cent of total electricity or 5 130 TWh. “In addition, in 2013, global non-hydro renewable electricity, which rose to 1 256 TWh or 5.4 per cent of global electricity production, surpassed oil-fired generation for the first time ever”.



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