Nigerian crop yield still below global average, says report
Despite Federal Government’s claim that food production has increased across the country, the 2017 wet season National Agricultural performance survey report has revealed that the overall farm yield is still below global and African average for all the agricultural subsector.
The study highlighted challenges that affected food production during the 2017 wet season farming to include: climate change, absence of government input support, insecurity, kidnapping, poor support for agricultural extension.
The study carried out by the National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS), of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, domiciled at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, noted that the constraints affected all the subsector of agriculture including crops, livestock, fisheries, aquaculture, and agro forestry value chain.
The report launched Tuesday in Abuja, by the Minister of State Agriculture, Heineken Lokpobiri, noted that although there was increase in land area for food production, but this only resulted in 35 per cent increase in livestock and aquaculture.
Presenting the report, the Executive Director, NAERLS, Prof. Mohammed Othman, decried that the level of mechanisation in Nigeria is still very low, as over 34 states are unable to access tractor services in 2017, due to high cost of hiring services.
Besides not buying tractors for farmers, Othman said the survey indicated that 28 states could not access tractor services for their wet season farming due to unavailability, resulting into high cost of land clearing activities.
The report identified maize as the most cultivated crop in Nigeria, accounting for 5, 960, 920 hectares, producing 10, 813,980 metric tonnes (MT) compared to 12,107,580MT in 2016, representing a 11.96 per cent increase in national total output.
The Minister however blamed NAERLS for withholding the research results of the survey, which has been conducted annually for the past 29 years, saying that the report ought to serve as a planning tool for farmers, investors and other relevant stakeholders.He said: “We are very sad that for the past 29 years, we have always produced this type of document done with painstaking survey conducted across the country, but never formally presented to the public. Any research conducted but not presented to the public, as far as I’m concerned, will not be able to achieve the purpose for which it was conducted.
“You can imagine that for 29 years, this very highly respected institute, domiciled in ABU, has been producing this survey, but never formally presented to the public.”
He also criticized the survey as being one-sided, due to its concentration on only the wet season farming, noting that Nigeria did so well in its dry season farming.
Lokpobiri informed that for over two years of being a Minister, he never received a copy of any of the previous surveys from NAERLS, and decried over-dependence on data generated by foreign organisations, which might not represent the true situation of Nigeria.
He noted that investors had trooped to the Ministry to establish farms and production facilities, but were discouraged due to lack of data.he therefore stressed the need for NAERLS to ensure annual public presentation and commercialisation of the report, to generate more revenue for Government.
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